In this Article we are going to learn How to install MySQL 5.7 on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS using command line, creating new user and enabled remote access in MySQL 5.7.
Step #1: Add MySQL APT Repository
Download the MySQL repository by executing the following command
Update the system Packages:
sudo apt update
We need to Install wget using below command:
sudo apt install wget -y
Download the repository using the below command:
Once downloaded install repository using below command:
sudo dpkg -i mysql-apt-config_0.8.12-1_all.deb
In the prompt, choose Ubuntu Bionic and click Ok
The next prompt shows MySQL 8.0 chosen by default. Choose the first option and click OK
In the next prompt, select MySQL 5.7 server and click OK.
The next prompt selects MySQL5.7 by default. Choose the last option Ok and click OK
Step #2: Update MySQL Repository:
Update your system package:
sudo apt-get update
Let’s search for MySQL 5,7 using below command:
sudo apt-cache policy mysql-server
Step #3: Install MySQL 5.7 on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS
Before Installing MySQL 5.7 you need to run this command:
sudo apt-key adv --keyserver keyserver.ubuntu.com --recv-keys 467B942D3A79BD29 sudo apt update
we are going to install MySQL 5.7 client, MySQL 5.7 server with the below command:
sudo apt install -f mysql-client=5.7* mysql-community-server=5.7* mysql-server=5.7*
Hit the y key to start installation of MySQL 5.7 on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS
Enter and re-enter root password:
Step #4: Secure MySQL 5.7 Installation on Ubuntu 22.04LTS:
Run the following commands
Provide the root password set above and you will have output like this:
ubuntu@ip-172-31-44-141:~$ sudo mysql_secure_installation Securing the MySQL server deployment. Enter password for user root: VALIDATE PASSWORD PLUGIN can be used to test passwords and improve security. It checks the strength of password and allows the users to set only those passwords which are secure enough. Would you like to setup VALIDATE PASSWORD plugin? Press y|Y for Yes, any other key for No: y There are three levels of password validation policy: LOW Length >= 8 MEDIUM Length >= 8, numeric, mixed case, and special characters STRONG Length >= 8, numeric, mixed case, special characters and dictionary file Please enter 0 = LOW, 1 = MEDIUM and 2 = STRONG: 1 Using existing password for root. Estimated strength of the password: 25 Change the password for root ? ((Press y|Y for Yes, any other key for No) : no ... skipping. By default, a MySQL installation has an anonymous user, allowing anyone to log into MySQL without having to have a user account created for them. This is intended only for testing, and to make the installation go a bit smoother. You should remove them before moving into a production environment. Remove anonymous users? (Press y|Y for Yes, any other key for No) : y Success. Normally, root should only be allowed to connect from 'localhost'. This ensures that someone cannot guess at the root password from the network. Disallow root login remotely? (Press y|Y for Yes, any other key for No) : y Success. By default, MySQL comes with a database named 'test' that anyone can access. This is also intended only for testing, and should be removed before moving into a production environment. Remove test database and access to it? (Press y|Y for Yes, any other key for No) : y - Dropping test database... Success. - Removing privileges on test database... Success. Reloading the privilege tables will ensure that all changes made so far will take effect immediately. Reload privilege tables now? (Press y|Y for Yes, any other key for No) : y Success. All done!
Step #5: Check MySQL 5.7 version
To confirm the installed version,Login to MySQL 5.7 Server using the below command.
mysql -u root -p
Check the version using below command:
Here we have covered Install MySQL 5.7 on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS.
Step #6: Create MySQL User
Let’s create user using below command
CREATE USER 'devopshint'@'%' IDENTIFIED BY 'Devops@123';
Step #7: Enable MySQL remote access
By default, In MySQL database server remote access is disabled for security reason.
To enable remote connections of MySQL Server, we have to change bind-address in MySQL configuration file.
Open the /etc/mysql/mysql.conf.d/mysqld.cnf file
sudo nano /etc/mysql/mysql.conf.d/mysqld.cnf
Save the file and restart mysql
sudo systemctl restart mysql
To Restart, Stop and check the Status run the below commands:
sudo systemctl restart mysql sudo systemctl stop mysql sudo systemctl status mysql
In this article, We have performed ,How to Install MySQL 5.7 on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS System, creating new user and enabled remote access in MySQL 5.7.
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