How to Install Elastic Stack 8 on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS

In this article we are going to cover ELK that means How to Install Elastic Stack 8 on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS

Prerequisites

  • Ubuntu Server with 20.04/18.04/16.04 LTS
  • Java 8 or higher version
  • 2 CPU and 4 GB RAM

Update the system packages

sudo apt update

Install the apt-transport-https package to access repository over HTTPS

 sudo apt install apt-transport-https

#1. Install Java on Ubuntu

Lets install OpenJDK 11 on ubuntu  using below commands.

sudo apt install openjdk-11-jdk

Lets verify java version

java --version

Output:

openjdk 11.0.14.1 2022-02-08
OpenJDK Runtime Environment (build 11.0.14.1+1-Ubuntu-0ubuntu1.20.04)
OpenJDK 64-Bit Server VM (build 11.0.14.1+1-Ubuntu-0ubuntu1.20.04, mixed mode, sharing)

#2.Setting the JAVA_HOME Environment Variables

To define the environment variable open the below file:

sudo nano /etc/environment

Paste the below variable into the file:

JAVA_HOME="/usr/lib/jvm/java-11-openjdk-amd64"

Load the environment variable using below command

source /etc/environment

Lets verify JAVA_HOME variable

echo $JAVA_HOME

Output:

/usr/lib/jvm/java-11-openjdk-amd64

How to Install Elastic Stack 8 on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS

#3.Install ElasticSearch 8 on Ubuntu

Download and install the public signing key:

wget -qO - https://artifacts.elastic.co/GPG-KEY-elasticsearch | sudo gpg --dearmor -o /usr/share/keyrings/elasticsearch-keyring.gpg

Save the repository definition to /etc/apt/sources.list.d/elastic-8.x.list:

echo "deb [signed-by=/usr/share/keyrings/elasticsearch-keyring.gpg] https://artifacts.elastic.co/packages/8.x/apt stable main" | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/elastic-8.x.list

You can install the Elasticsearch using below command:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install elasticsearch

Start elacticsearch services

sudo systemctl start elasticsearch

Enable elacticsearch at system startup

sudo systemctl enable elasticsearch

To check the status of elasticsearch

sudo systemctl status elasticsearch

Output:

● elasticsearch.service - Elasticsearch
     Loaded: loaded (/lib/systemd/system/elasticsearch.service; enabled; vendor preset: enabled)
     Active: active (running) since Thu 2022-04-21 06:57:31 UTC; 9s ago
       Docs: https://www.elastic.co
   Main PID: 17266 (java)
      Tasks: 68 (limit: 4693)
     Memory: 2.3G
     CGroup: /system.slice/elasticsearch.service
             ├─17266 /usr/share/elasticsearch/jdk/bin/java -Xshare:auto -Des.networkaddress.cache.ttl=60 -Des.networkaddress.cache.neg>
             └─17539 /usr/share/elasticsearch/modules/x-pack-ml/platform/linux-x86_64/bin/controller

Apr 21 06:57:12 ip-172-31-4-2 systemd[1]: Starting Elasticsearch...
Apr 21 06:57:31 ip-172-31-4-2 systemd[1]: Started Elasticsearch.

#4.Configure Elasticsearch on Ubuntu

Let’s make changes in below configuration file

sudo nano /etc/elasticsearch/elasticsearch.yml

Go to Network section and uncomment network.host and replace your system IP with

network.host: 0.0.0.0

And you need to add this line discovery.seed_hosts: [ ] in discovery section as shown in below:

How to Install Elastic Stack 8 on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS 1

Then second step is go to the BEGIN SECURITY AUTO CONFIGURATION and here you need to replace this true with false as shown in below:

xpack.security.enabled: false

How to Install Elastic Stack 8 on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS 2

After changing in configuration file you need to restart so run the below command:

sudo systemctl restart elasticsearch

#5.Testing Elasticsearch

Lets test Elasticsearch using curl command by sending HTTP request

curl -X GET "localhost:9200"

Output:

{
  "name" : "ip-172-31-4-2",
  "cluster_name" : "elasticsearch",
  "cluster_uuid" : "5WWxXV59TUiwsLWmb1lTDg",
  "version" : {
    "number" : "8.1.3",
    "build_flavor" : "default",
    "build_type" : "deb",
    "build_hash" : "39afaa3c0fe7db4869a161985e240bd7182d7a07",
    "build_date" : "2022-04-19T08:13:25.444693396Z",
    "build_snapshot" : false,
    "lucene_version" : "9.0.0",
    "minimum_wire_compatibility_version" : "7.17.0",
    "minimum_index_compatibility_version" : "7.0.0"
  },
  "tagline" : "You Know, for Search"
}

You can access using browser

http://systemIP:9200

Output:

How to Install Elastic Stack 8 on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS 3

#6.Install Logstash on Ubuntu

Logstash is a tool that collects data from different sources. The data it collects is parsed by Kibana and stored in Elasticsearch.

Install Logstash using following command:

sudo apt-get install logstash

Start the Logstash service:

sudo systemctl start logstash

Enable the Logstash service:

sudo systemctl enable logstash

To check the status of the service, run the following command:

sudo systemctl status logstash

Output:

● logstash.service - logstash
     Loaded: loaded (/etc/systemd/system/logstash.service; enabled; vendor preset: enabled)
     Active: active (running) since Fri 2022-04-22 10:14:14 UTC; 22s ago
   Main PID: 1423 (java)
      Tasks: 16 (limit: 4693)
     Memory: 489.2M
     CGroup: /system.slice/logstash.service
             └─1423 /usr/share/logstash/jdk/bin/java -Xms1g -Xmx1g -XX:+UseConcMarkSweepGC -XX:CMSInitiatingOccupancyFraction=75 -XX:+>

Apr 22 10:14:14 ip-172-31-3-46 systemd[1]: Started logstash.
Apr 22 10:14:14 ip-172-31-3-46 logstash[1423]: Using bundled JDK: /usr/share/logstash/jdk

#7.Configure logstash on Ubuntu

There is no any changes as of now

sudo nano /etc/logstash/logstash.yml

 #8.Install Kibana on Ubuntu

It is recommended to install Kibana next. Kibana is a graphical user interface for parsing and interpreting collected log files.

Run the following command to install Kibana:

sudo apt-get install kibana

Start the Kibana service:

sudo systemctl start kibana

Enable the Kibana service:

sudo systemctl enable kibana

Let’s check the status of kibana:

sudo systemctl status kibana

Output:

● kibana.service - Kibana
     Loaded: loaded (/lib/systemd/system/kibana.service; enabled; vendor preset: enabled)
     Active: active (running) since Fri 2022-04-22 10:12:06 UTC; 17min ago
       Docs: https://www.elastic.co
   Main PID: 442 (node)
      Tasks: 11 (limit: 4693)
     Memory: 553.3M
     CGroup: /system.slice/kibana.service
             └─442 /usr/share/kibana/bin/../node/bin/node /usr/share/kibana/bin/../src/cli/dist

Apr 22 10:13:15 ip-172-31-3-46 kibana[442]: [2022-04-22T10:13:15.240+00:00][INFO ][plugins.ruleRegistry] Installed resources for index>
Apr 22 10:13:15 ip-172-31-3-46 kibana[442]: [2022-04-22T10:13:15.254+00:00][INFO ][plugins.ruleRegistry] Installed resources for index>

#9.Configure Kibana on Ubuntu

open the kibana.yml configuration file for editing:

sudo nano /etc/kibana/kibana.yml

Uncomment this below lines and localhost replace with 0.0.0.0 (means any ip_address):

server.port: 5601
server.host: "localhost"
elasticsearch.hosts: ["http://localhost:9200"]

How to Install Elastic Stack 8 on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS 4

After changing configuration file you need to restart kibana

sudo systemctl restart kibana

#10.Testing Kibana

To access Kibana, open a web browser and browse to the following address:

http://ip_address:5601

Kibana dashboard:

How to Install Elastic Stack 8 on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS 5

#11.Install Filebeat on Ubuntu

Filebeat is a lightweight plugin used to collect and ship log files. It is the most commonly used Beats module. One of Filebeat’s major advantages is that it slows down its pace if the Logstash service is overwhelmed with data.

Install Filebeat using following command:

sudo apt-get install filebeat

#12.Configure Filebeat on Ubuntu

Filebeat, by default, sends data to Elasticsearch. Filebeat can also be configured to send event data to Logstash.

Open configuration file using below command:

sudo nano /etc/filebeat/filebeat.yml

 Under the Elasticsearch output section, comment out the following lines:

# output.elasticsearch
# Array of hosts to connect to.
# hosts: ["localhost:9200"]

 Under the Logstash output section, uncomment in the following two lines:

output.logstash
hosts: ["localhost:5044"]

How to Install Elastic Stack 8 on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS 6

Enable the Filebeat system module:

sudo filebeat modules enable system

Load the index template:

sudo filebeat setup --index-management -E output.logstash.enabled=false -E 'output.elasticsearch.hosts=["ip_address:9200"]'

Output:

Overwriting ILM policy is disabled. Set `setup.ilm.overwrite: true` for enabling.

Index setup finished.

Start and enable the Filebeat service:

sudo systemctl start filebeat
sudo systemctl enable filebeat
sudo systemctl restart filebeat
sudo systemctl status filebeat

Verify Elasticsearch Reception of Data:

curl -XGET http://ip_address:9200/_cat/indices?v

Output:

health status index                                uuid                   pri rep docs.count docs.deleted store.size pri.store.size
yellow open   .ds-filebeat-8.1.3-2022.04.22-000001 sXxRSgL6QZSyti8uK9RC3w   1   1          0            0       225b           225b

You can access in browser also:

http://ip_address:9200/_cat/indices?v

Output:

How to Install Elastic Stack 8 on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS 7

Conclusion:

In this article we have covered How to Install Elastic Stack 8 on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS.

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Shweta Mamidwar

I am Shweta Mamidwar working as a Intern in Product Company. Likes to share knowledge.

1 thought on “How to Install Elastic Stack 8 on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS”

  1. Thank you.. you did a great job
    abhi@abhi-virtual-machine:~$ sudo filebeat modules enable system
    Error initializing beat: error loading config file: yaml: line 149: could not find expected ‘:’

    getting this error after this logstash output removing # and adding # at elsticsearch output
    do you have any solution for this?
    this is in the #12 Configure filebeat on Ubuntu

    Reply

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